प्रधानमंत्री किसान सम्मान निधि (PM Kisan Samman Nidhi) योजना शुरुआत के समय से ही देश के अन्नदाताओं के बीच काफी लोकप्रिय है। इस योजना के तहत सरकार देश के किसानों को हर साल तीन बराबर किस्त में 6,000 रुपये हस्तांतरित करती है। इस योजना का लक्ष्य देश के आम किसानों की आय में वृद्धि करना है। हालांकि, कई बार ऐसा देखने को मिलता है कि सरकारी या प्राइवेट नौकरी करने वाले, वकील या डॉक्टर जैसे प्रोफेशनल भी खेती-किसानी का काम करते हैं। अब सवाल ये उठता है कि क्या इन लोगों को इस योजना का लाभ मिलेगा कि नहीं।
आइए जानते हैं कि कौन लोग पीएम-किसान स्कीम का लाभ नहीं उठा सकते हैंः
1. PM Kisan की आधिकारिक वेबसाइट के मुताबिक संस्थागत भूमि धारकों को इस स्कीम का लाभ नहीं मिलेगा।
2. संवैधानिक पद पर पूर्व या वर्तमान में आसीन लोग।
3. वर्तमान या पूर्व मंत्री, वर्तमान या पूर्व सांसद, वर्तमान या पूर्व विधायक और विधान पार्षद, किसी नगर निगम के वर्तमान या पूर्व मेयर, जिला पंचायत के वर्तमान या पूर्व चेयरमैन।
4. मल्टी टास्किंग या ग्रुप-4 या ग्रुप-डी कर्मचारियों को छोड़कर सभी कार्यरत या सेवामुक्त हो चुके केंद्र या राज्य सरकार या केंद्र या राज्य पीएसई के कर्मचारी।
5. मल्टी टास्किंग या ग्रुप-4 या ग्रुप-डी को छोड़कर 10,000 रुपये से अधिक की मासिक पेंशन प्राप्त करने वाले सभी पेंशनर।
6. पिछले आकलन वर्ष में इनकम टैक्स भरने वाले किसान।
7. डॉक्टर, वकील, इंजीनियर, सीए और आर्किटेक्ट जैसे प्रोफेशनल अगर खेती करते हैं तो भी उन्हें इस योजना का लाभ नहीं मिलेगा।
8. अगर आपका खेत आपके पिता या दादा के नाम पर है तो भी आपको हर साल 6,000 रुपये की सीधी आर्थिक सहायता नहीं मिलेगी। पीएम किसान योजना का लाभ प्राप्त करने के लिए जमीन आपके नाम पर होनी चाहिए।
9. अगर आप किराए पर दूसरे की जमीन लेकर खेती करते हैं तो आपको इस योजना का लाभ नहीं मिलेगा।
10. अगर आपने रजिस्ट्रेशन फॉर्म में जानबूझकर कोई गलत जानकारी दी है तो आपको इस योजना का लाभ नहीं मिलेगा।
Heeng, or asafoetida is a key ingredient, available in every kitchen across India. It is used to add taste and fragrance in many dishes. It sometimes replaced by garlic in Indian kitchens during fast or spiritual reasons. It is known for its many medicinal properties as well — often used by naturopaths to treat kidney stones, bronchitis and even whooping cough.
But did you know it is not cultivated in India, always imported from other countries, Afghanistan, Iran, and Uzbekistan, at a staggering cost of almost Rs900 crores every year.
The CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT), Palampur, has started cultivating heeng for the first time in the state as well as in the country.
Why wasn’t heeng cultivated in India?
Speaking on the subject, Dr Shekhar Mande, Director General of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in Delhi explained, “We began research on growing heeng locally since 2016. Heeng can only grow in very cold and certain geo-climatic regions such as Ladakh and Lahaul-Spiti. Before this, it was only being imported from countries like Afghanistan and Iran.
Dr. Sanjay Kumar, director of the institute, initiated the program by planting heeng seedlings at Kwaring village in Lahaul and Spiti, a cold-dry district of Himachal Pradesh.
How will heeng be grown in India?
A team of scientists from CSIR-IHBT persistently worked to introduce heeng in India. The institute introduced six accessions of seeds from Iran via ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBPGR), New Delhi in October 2018.
ICAR-NBPGR substantiated that this is the first attempt in the past 30 years to introduce heeng in the country.
CSIR-IHBT raised the condiment’s plants at CeHAB, Ribling, Lahaul Spiti, under the surveillance of NBPGR. The plant needs dry and cold conditions to grow and takes around five years for production of oleo gum resin, which it stores in its roots.
Asafoetida is one of the top condiments and is a high-value spice crop in India. Lack of planting material of ferula assa-foetida plants in India was a major bottleneck in the cultivation of this crop.
Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas celebrated to acknowledge the contribution of women farmers in various aspects of agriculture. It was decided in 2016 that 15 Oct will be celebrated as “Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas” by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this year Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas was organized through video conferencing by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare to felicitate the women farmers of India.
This event was held under the guidance of Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare which was graced by Parshottam Rupala, Union Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Sanjay Agarwal, Secretary (AC&FW), and other senior officers of the Department.
During this event, the e-book on ‘Inspiring Stories of Progressive Women Farmers’ was released and two short video films on ‘Mahila Krishak and her Contribution in Agriculture’ and ‘Global Examples of Successful Women Farmers’ were launched.
These protests, preceded by sit-ins across Punjab, are expected to gather steam after September 14, when Parliament convenes for the Monsoon Session.
On Thursday, farmer organisations in Haryana defied prohibitory orders imposed amid the pandemic to hold a rally at the Pipli wholesale grain market near Kurukshetra. They even blocked the Delhi-Chandigarh national highway for a couple of hours, when the police initially did not allow them to move to the venue. Their target was three central laws promulgated through ordinances on June 5: The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance, the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, and the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Ordinance, 2020. These protests, preceded by sit-ins across Punjab, are expected to gather steam after September 14, when Parliament convenes for the Monsoon Session.
Why farmers in Haryana and Punjab are angry
How widespread are the agitations in Haryana?
For now, these seem largely limited to Punjab and Haryana. Farmer leaders in Maharashtra, including Raju Shetti of Swabhimani Paksha and Anil Ghanwat of Shetkari Sanghatana, have actually welcomed the ordinances. Shetti, a two-time Lok Sabha MP, has called them “the first step towards financial freedom for farmers”.
The opposition by farmer groups in Punjab and Haryana, too, is primarily to the first ordinance that allows sale and purchase of crops to take place outside state government-regulated APMC (Agricultural Produce Market Committee) mandis. They probably have no real issues with the other two ordinances — which basically do away with the imposition of stockholding limits on foodstuffs (except under “extraordinary circumstances” such as war and natural calamities of grave nature) and facilitate contraction cultivation (wherein farmers can enter into agreements with buyers before any planting season).
What is the first ordinance about?
In a letter to Sukhbir Singh Badal, president of the Shiromani Akali Dal (which is part of the ruling alliance at the Centre), Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar has said that the ordinance merely provides for “trade areas” outside the physical boundaries of APMC mandis. These would serve as an “additional marketing channel” for farmers, even as the APMCs “will continue to function”. The freedom of choice to sell outside the regulated mandis should help farmers realise better prices for their produce. Further, it “will motivate APMCs to improve their efficiency of operations substantially to serve the farmers better”. The APMCs can levy mandi fees and other charges as before, but these will be only in respect of transactions happening within the physical boundary of their principal marketing yards or sub-yards.
So, what’s fuelling the protests?
There are two drivers. The first is the farmers, who view the dismantling of the monopoly of APMCs as a precursor to ending the existing system of government grain procurement at assured minimum support prices (MSP). In 2019-20 alone, government agencies in Punjab and Haryana purchased 226.56 lakh tonnes (lt) of paddy and 201.14 lt of wheat , whose value – at their respective MSPs of Rs 1,835 and Rs 1,925 per quintal – would have been Rs 80,293.21 crore.
The ordinance itself does not mention anything, directly or indirectly, to suggest an end or phasing out of MSP-based government procurement. But farmer leaders contend that the true intent of the latest reforms is to implement the recommendations of the Shanta Kumar-headed High Level Committee on Restructuring of Food Corporation of India (FCI). This panel, which submitted its report in 2015, had called for FCI handing over all procurement operations in Punjab, Haryana, MP, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh to state government agencies.
“The committee wanted that the Centre exit procurement and leave everything to the states. Where do they have the money for procuring and stocking so much grain? This… is only meant as an exit strategy for the Centre,” alleged Jagmohan Singh, general secretary of the Bhartiya Kisan Union (Dakaunda faction).
The Congress government in Punjab, too, passed a resolution in the Assembly on August 28 urging the Centre to make MSP-based procurement “a statutory right of the farmers”. Besides, it sought a “continuation” of such procurement through the FCI.
What is the second driver for the protests?
That’s coming from the state governments and arhatiyas (commission agents) in mandis. The arhatiyas (Punjab alone has some 28,000 of them) provide platforms outside their shops, where the produce of farmers is unloaded, cleaned, auctioned, weighed and bagged, before being loaded and moved out. They receive a 2.5% commission over and above the MSP. These payments aggregated over Rs 2,000 crore in Punjab and Haryana last year.
States also earn substantial money from the various levies on the value of produce transacted in APMCs. Punjab’s annual revenues from mandi fees and a ‘rural development’ cess — which add up to 6% on paddy and wheat, 4% on basmati, and 2% on cotton and maize — are estimated at Rs 3,500-3,600 crore. All that would obviously get hit if trades were to move away from the mandis.
Cabinet approves new Bihar agriculture investment policy
Patna, Aug 25 (UNI) Bihar Cabinet on Tuesday approved the New Bihar Agriculture Investment Promotion Policy 2020 to encourage investment in the agriculture sector and also attract investment for agro-based industries in the state. An official source said here that a decision to this effect was taken in a cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar. With the approval of the cabinet for the New Bihar Agriculture Investment Promotion Policy 2020, decks have been cleared for investment in the agriculture sector and also in setting up agro-based industries in the state. The state cabinet also approved the proposal to give a monthly stipend to PG students of medical and MBBS students who are currently doing an internship, as an incentive to work hard to serve the patients in this difficult time of corona pandemic.
Impact of COVID-19: Farming activities were exempted from the nationwide lockdown to facilitate uninterrupted harvesting of rabi crops and sowing of kharif crops.
The Indian economy has taken a huge hit from the coronavirus pandemic and resultant lockdowns. The International Monetary Fund expects the global output to contract by 4.9 per cent in 2020 and India’s GDP to contract as much as 4.5 per cent. But the agriculture sector is the silver lining in the year 2020-21, said the monthly economic report for July published by the department of economic affairs. The monsoon this year is forecasted to be 102 per cent of long-period average. A normal monsoon augurs well for India, as a considerable part of the rural workforce in employed in the agricultural sector.
While most economic activity came to a standstill in April-May 2020 due to Covid 19-induced lockdown, farming activities were exempted from the nationwide lockdown to facilitate uninterrupted harvesting of rabi crops and sowing of kharif crops. This was a major enabling factor for the smooth flow of agricultural commodities throughout the lockdown period and across both, rural and urban areas, the report pointed out.
Timely and proactive exemptions from COVID-induced lockdowns to the sector facilitated uninterrupted harvesting of rabi crops and enhanced sowing of kharif crops. A record procurement of wheat enabled a flow of around Rs 75,000 crore to the farmers, which will boost private consumption in rural areas.
The government also unveiled a slew of measures aimed at reforming the agricultural sector and hand-holding the farming community. The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion & Facilitation) Ordinance, 2020 allowed farmers the freedom to sell and traders to purchase outside the markets notified under various state agricultural produce market jurisdictions.
The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Ordinance, 2020. This Act secured the interests of farmers to engage in business with agri-business firms, processors, wholesalers, exporters or large retailers for farm services and sale of future farming produce.
And the Essential Commodities Act (ECA), 1955 Amendment Ordinance made agricultural markets more responsive to forces of demand and supply. It allowed for stocking of agricultural produce by both sellers and buyers, by removing stock limits on cereals, pulses, oilseeds, onions and potatoes. It encouraged investment in infrastructre and storage for improved inventory management of agricultural produce.
The Finance Commission said it will look into all the recommendations made by the panel for finalising its own report to the Central government for revenue sharing with states for the five years from FY22 to FY26
Private sector players should be roped in for anchoring specific schemes to scale up farm exports from India for which the Central government could act like an enabler, a high level panel has told the Fifteenth Finance Commission (FFC).
The panel which had members such as ITC Chairman and Managing Director Sanjiv Puri and Nestle India chairman and managing director Suresh Narayanan has recommended ways to scale up farm exports from $40 billion to $70 billion in a few years, FFC said in a statement. The panel gave its report to FFC on Friday.
The Finance Commission said it will look into all the recommendations made by the panel for finalising its own report to the Central government for revenue sharing with states for the five years from FY22 to FY26. FFC will recommend performance-based incentives to states to accelerate reforms in various areas including in the farm sector.
The panel said that agriculture exports would need about $8-10 billion in investments across inputs, infrastructure, processing and other demand boosting measures. Additional exports will likely to create about seven to 10 million jobs and these measures will lead to higher productivity and farmer income, FFC said in its statement, quoting the panel’s recommendations.
These suggestions are likely to drive reforms in states after the Narendra Modi administration rolled out key reforms in July by way of Presidential orders to unshackle the farm sector and boost farmer incomes.
These measures lifted the legal hurdles in the development of a seamless national market for farm produce and sought to open up new avenues for farmers to sell their wares. The Centre also prohibited setting stock limits on agriculture produce except in times such as war or famine and allowed trading in farm produce outside wholesale markets without being subject to state levies.
Agriculture and allied activities covering dairy, animal husbandry and food processing was also a key part of the ₹20 trillion financial package finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced in May.
FFC said the high level panel suggested that focus should be on 22 crop value chains and that existing schemes, Finance Commission allocation and private sector investment should be used to finance the measures meant to support farm export growth. At present the Central government transfers 42% of its tax revenues to states. FFC will recommend the new formula for the five years from FY22.
The project will be implemented in Mizoram, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttarakhand
The Union government on July 28, 2020, launched the Green-Ag Project in Mizoram, to reduce emissions from agriculture and ensure sustainable agricultural practices.
Mizoram is one of the five states where the project will be implemented. Other states include Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttarakhand.
The project is designed to achieve multiple global environmental benefits in at least 1.8 million hectares (ha) of land in five landscapes, with mixed land use systems. It aims to bring at least 104,070 ha of farms under sustainable land and water management.
The project will also ensure 49 million Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) sequestered or reduced through sustainable land use and agricultural practices.
The Green-Ag Project is funded by the Global Environment Facility, while the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation, and Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW) is the national executing agency. Other key players involved in its implementation are Food and Agricultre Organization (FAO) and the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
The pilot project is supposed to end on March 31, 2026, in all states, including Mizoram, where the project covers 145,670 ha of land in two districts — Lunglei and Mamit. It aims to cover 35 villages and includes two protected areas — the Dampa Tiger Reserve and the Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary.
“This project becomes unique for its site selection. The landscape has revenue villages and community land in close conjunction with national parks and protected areas,” Alka Bhargava, additional secretary of DAC&FW and a member of National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) of Green-Ag Project, said.
She added that sustainable agriculture was the main component of the project and given the unique advantage of Mizoram in terms of agro-climatic conditions, water availability and a hard-working population, the state could produce niche products like passion fruits and provide them to the entire country, besides exploring export markets too.
FAO – India Representative, Tomio Shichiri, emphasised that the Green-Ag project would help local people take advantage of the rich agro-biodiversity present in their landscape for sustainability of agriculture and livestock production practices, promotion of secondary agriculture, establishment of green value chains and thereby enhancing their incomes.
By shifting its focus on cultivation and effectively handholding farmers, the country can be among the top-five exporters of agro commodities, according to a report by the World Trade Centre
By shifting its focus on cultivation and effectively handholding farmers, the country can be among the top-five exporters of agro commodities, according to a report by the World Trade Centre.
The report comes at a time when the government has announced some reforms in the farm sector by allowing farmers to sell produce outside the regulated APMC markets, and relaxing the Essential Commodities Act, among others, which can help boost exports.
With an annual agro exports of USD 39 billion in 2019, the country is ranked eighth, after the EU (USD 181 billion), the US (USD 172 billion), Brazil (USD 93 billion), China (USD 83 billion), Canada (USD 69 billion), Indonesia (USD 46 billion) and Thailand (USD 44 billion), the WTC report said quoting the 2019 WTO data.
“Through focused intervention in capacity-building, we can enhance our agro exports to surpass Thailand and Indonesia, and become the fifth-largest exporter in the world,” according to the report.
To attain this, as a first step, the study said, the government should re-orient the role of its extension centres — the 715 krishi vigyan kendras across the country — to handhold farmers in growing those varieties of crops that have demand in the global markets.
Many a time, Indian consignments are rejected because of the presence of pesticides above the prescribed maximum residual limits, the study noted and said “krishi vigyan kendras should guide farmers on prudential use of pesticides and other chemicals so that they conform to the global quality standards”.
“Having attained self-sufficiency in agriculture, we need to re-orient our extension services system, which was developed in the days of the green revolution that focused on attaining self-sufficiency in farm production,” the report said.
The report added that it is time we move towards growing quality food for the global markets rather than quantity.
One key focus area could be cultivating horticulture crops that conform to the quality, colour, shape and chemical contents acceptable in foreign countries or which are fit for further processing.
Despite being the second-largest producer of fruits and vegetables, India’s share in global exports is under 1.8%. In spite of being the largest producer of papayas, lemons and limes, we meet hardly 3.2% of the world papaya demand, 0.5% for lemons and limes, according to data from the Food and Agriculture Organization.
In the past decade, India made remarkable progress in exports of niche items like capsicum chilly, castor oil, tobacco extracts and sweet biscuits, apart from basmati rice, meat and marine products.
Sowing data of major kharif crops such as paddy, pulses, coarse cereals and oilseeds on July 24 showed that a total of 799.95 lakh hectare have been covered this year, compared to 675.07 lakh hectare in the last Kharif season
Riding on favourable rainfall in the third week of July, the area of major kharif crop sowing in the country increased by 18.50 per cent over the corresponding period of the previous year, according to the latest data available with the Ministry of Agriculture.
Sowing data of major kharif crops such as paddy, pulses, coarse cereals and oilseeds on July 24 showed that a total of 799.95 lakh hectare have been covered this year, compared to 675.07 lakh hectare in the last Kharif season.
Rural growth has outpaced urban growth in the recent months and analysts remained optimistic that good crop sowing and higher yield will boost rural income, an analyst with a brokerage house told PTI.
Paddy sowing was done in 220.24 lakh hectare out of the normal 397 lakh hectare till July 24. During the period under review last year, paddy was planted only in 187.70 lakh hectare, the ministry data said.
The 32.54 lakh hectare of increase in area under coverage was contributed by states like Uttar Pradesh (6.50 lakh hectare), Jharkhand (6.10 lakh hectare), Madhya Pradesh (5.98 lakh hectare), Bihar (5.66 lakh hectare), Chhattisgarh (3.57 lakh hectare) and West Bengal (2.80 lakh hectare).
In pulses, the total sowed area was 99.71 lakh hectare out of 128.88 lakh hectare. So far, the coverage is higher by over 25 per cent over the same period last year.
While area coverage of coarse cereals such as jowar, bajra, ragi and maize was increased by 16.83 lakh hectare over the period under review, that of oilseeds was up by 32.80 lakh hectare till now.
Jute and Mesta showed a marginal growth of 1.49 per cent so far. Data showed almost 90 per cent sowing had completed out of 7.87 lakh hectare of normal sowing.
Almost three million farmers are engaged in jute cultivation, the data showed.