Why is Maize an Amazing Agri-product?

Maize, also known as corn, is an agricultural product that is loved by almost all human beings all over the world.

Maize was first cultivated in Central America and Mexico.  It is found not only in yellow but also in orange, red, blue, white, black, and purple colors.

Popularity and demand for maize

Maize by-products are widely produced and marketed. For example, sweet corn is a very popular food.  Sweet corn is also known as popcorn.  Similarly, corn oil, cornflour, and cornflower are among the daily necessities.

However, it is not found in the common cereals but in vegetable varieties.  Maize is a nutritious seed.  It is essential to include it in your daily diet as it is rich in fiber, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals.

Corn is also a remedy for many health problems.  It is rich in folic acid and vitamin B12 which help in the production of red blood cells.

We all know that carbohydrates are a good source of energy for our body.  Corn is high in carbohydrates, so if you add it to your diet, you can easily get enough energy for your physical activities.

Lifestyle diseases such as high cholesterol and diabetes can be controlled by consuming sweet corn and corn oil, which increase blood flow to the body. It also slows down the absorption of cholesterol into the body. The presence of vitamin B1, B5 and vitamin C promote the formation of new cells in the body.  This is very beneficial for diabetics.

If pregnant women eat corn, it will be very beneficial for the baby.  In particular, corn helps to overcome birth defects.  Pregnancy is also a time when women suffer from constipation. Fiber-rich maize protects pregnant women from this condition.

Maize plays an important role in beauty enhancement as well as health care.  Vitamin C and lycopene in corn help in the production of collagen.  Collagen is the skin eliminates skin problems caused by exposure to ultraviolet rays. Studies show that corn oil and starch are good for increasing skin radiance.

You can become rich by cultivating Saffron

There are many different types of spices. They are all relatively expensive. But the spice of saffron is incomparably more expensive than most of these.

A kilogram of high-quality saffron costs $ 10,000. That is above Rs 7 lakh.  Saffron has been a popular spice for thousands of years and has been used as a spice, medicine and for color. One saffron bulb produces a single flower, which in turn yields just three spindly stigmas – the female part of the flower that makes up the spice. Each stigma has to be delicately plucked from the flower, requiring time and effort.   

At least 150 flowers are required to make one gram of saffron. One kilogram requires at least 150,000 flowers. But there are no special machines available for collecting these. Saffron blooms only for one week in a year. When other spices yield hundreds of quintals per acre, the saffron yields only about two kilograms. 

The Cultivation & Harvest of Saffron 

Saffronis collected from the blossoms of Crocus sativus commonly known as saffron bulbs. It is propagated by bulbs called corms. Each corm forms new bulbsfefe, and this is how the plant multiplies. Saffron flowers are harvested for the red stigmas popularly known as saffron threads, from which the spice is derived. The Crocus sativus grows in many different soil types but thrives best in calcareous, humus-rich and well-drained soil with a pH between 6 and 8.  

The fall-blooming, purple-flowered saffron crocus grows from a bulb-like structure called a corm.  When planting saffron corms for the first time, choose a fresh land, that is, no other tubers or saffron corms have ever been planted there before.  Before planting, make it sure to till the soil 20 to 50 cms deep to keep the sold loose and well-aired, incorporating organic fertilizer during the process. Watering the plants should be minimal once the corms started growing leaves. Planting is done in July, August and September either by hand or by machine, and harvesting comes at the end of October to mid-November, approximately eight weeks after planting.

Required precautions have to be taken against birds, rabbits, etc.  Corm rot, leaf rusts, nematodes, and other pathogens must also be prevented from affecting the saffron crocus plants. 

Generally, in the middle of October,saffron flowers begin to blossom, and the blooming lasts for about three weeks. An intensified blossoming takes place which last from two to six days. Blooms that appear during the night must be harvested at dawn the very next day. It is best to harvest blooms that are closed to ensure high-quality saffron threads. 

The quality of saffron varies depending on its maintenance, weather, and rainfall availability.  If the crop gets good rainfall, when the harvest season approaches, large flowers appear. But if the weather is dry at this time, the size of the flowers will be smaller. 

The highest quality saffron in the world is cultivated in Kashmir. Due to climate change, the production of saffron in Kashmir has declined significantly. However, the demand for saffron is increasing every year.  

source: https://krishijagran.com/

What is ‘Rythu Bandhu’ Scheme and Who will get benefit from it?

K Chandrashekhar Rao Telangana’s Chief Minister announced that under the ‘Rythu Bandhu’ system, all farmers in the state would receive financial assistance from December 28.

A day after the Pragathi Bhavan review conference, Rao said that more than Rs 7,500 crore will be transferred directly to the bank accounts of around 6.14 million farmers. 

According to the chief minister’s office (CMO), the amount will be credited against 15.2 million acres of cultivated land at the rate of Rs 5,000 per acre for upcoming cropping season. Rao instructed the officials concerned to ensure that the value of the system is earned by each and every farmer in the state, the release said. 

He (Rao) said the assistance should start with farmers with less land holding and farmers with a broad holding scale and all farmers should receive the assistance within 10 days, the statement read. 

The officials also told the chief minister during the review meeting of the heavy losses caused by the government to the tune of Rs 7,500 crore due to the procurement of paddy, sorghum, corn, redgrams, sunflowers and Bengal grams. The officials claimed that while the government had bought them at the Minimum Support Price (MSP), they had to sell them on the market at lower rates, as there was no demand for such crops.

What is ‘Rythu Bandhu’?

The state-run scheme, formally known as the Agriculture Investment Support Scheme, aims to promote farmers’ lakhs to support farm investment each crop-sowing season. For the purchase of inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, chemicals, labor and other investments in the sector, the government offers financial assistance.

Under the scheme, for two seasons – Rabi and Kharif – every farmer in Telangana is expected to earn Rs 5000 per acre, which amounts to Rs 10,000 per year for an acre of cultivated land. The immediate deposit of money into the farmers’ bank account helps them to borrow the balance from the nearest post offices instead of travelling to cities and towns. Farmers can withdraw the sum through the micro ATMs accessible via thousands of post offices in rural areas of Telangana, according to the government website. 

PM Modi Flags Off “100th Kisan Rail” amid Farmer’s Protest

Amid the farmer’s agitation against central government’s three agricultural laws in the National Capital, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will flag off the 100th “Kisan Rail” from Sangola in Maharashtra to Shalimar in West Bengal on December 28 via video-conferencing, said PM office on Saturday.

As per reports, the multi-commodity train service will carry vegetables such as cauliflower, capsicum, cabbage, drumstick, chilli and onion as well as fruits like grape, orange, pomegranate, banana and custard apple, it added.

Moreover, the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) said, loading and unloading of perishable commodities will be permitted at all stoppages en route with no bar on the size of consignment, adding that the Centre has extended a 50-per cent subsidy on the transportation of fruits and vegetables. It provides a seamless supply chain of perishable produce,” it said.

Moreover, the launch of the Kisan Rail by PM Modi comes amid protests by a section of farmers against three farm laws near Delhi’s borders.

source: https://krishijagran.com/

Arunachal Pradesh Launches Millet Cultivation Project in Siang district

In partnership with the Siang district agriculture department, the College of Horticulture and Forestry (CHF), Pasighat, has launched a ‘Millet Cultivation Scheme’ in the remote village of Riga in the Siang district.

Millets are generally grown at an altitude of 2,100 m in both tropical and sub-tropical areas. It is a heat-loving plant and the necessary minimum temperature for its germination is 8- 10 ° c. For proper production and good crop yield, a mean temperature range of 26-29 ° c during growth is best. It is cultivated in the 500-900 mm rainfall area.

The project, run by the Indian Institute of Millet Research (IIMR) in Hyderabad, is funded by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research to increase millet production in the northeastern region.

CHF (Agronomy) professor, Paban Kumar Gaudar, said the project’s aim is to popularize the production of millet in Arunachal Pradesh and make it clear to locals that the cereal can be eaten as a staple meal.

Millets, in addition to having anti-oxidant and anti-carcinogenic (cancer preventive) properties, is a cereal rich in protein and minerals.

The rich red soil and the atmospheric conditions in the Siang area are ideal for the cultivation of various millet varieties.

In the preparation of alcoholic beverages, the people of the Northeast use millets and therefore the government are working to make farmers aware that this is a staple food. They are also trying to make them understand that the commercial cereal crop cultivation is highly beneficial, said the Professor.

In Arunachal Pradesh, the project aims to increase the cultivation of millets to 70-80% of the total cropped area as before only only 20-30% of the total cropped area was used for millet cultivation.

In the first phase, the government aims to cover 30 hectares of cultivable land in seven selected districts said Paban Kumar Gaudar, the CHF (Agronomy) Professor.

A day-long training program on the cultivation of millets was also arranged, during which agricultural scientists taught farmers the economic significance of millets in terms of their nutritional and medicinal values.

During the training, the participants also learned about the production and healthy harvesting procedures of millets.

source: https://krishijagran.com/

Three Agri products from Varanasi listed to get GI tag soon

Three produces from Varanasi district in Uttar Pradesh, are likely to get a Geographical indication (GI) tag soon. Geographical indication is basically a symbol used on products that have a selected geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are thanks to that origin. 

Ramnagar brinjal, Adamchini rice and Banarasi Langda mango, all from Varanasi, will get Geographical Indication tag which will assist in giving a lift to export of those agri products. 

“Application to urge GI tag for these three agri produces has already been filed by three farmers with the support of commercial bank for Agriculture and Rural Development. Human Welfare Association, a non-government organisation, facilitated the appliance filing,” said GI expert and Padma Shri awardee Dr Rajnikant. 

Why these just for GI Tag? 

While Ramnagar brinjal is legendary across the region for its taste, Adamchini rice is legendary for its essence and aroma. Banarasi Langda aam is a famous sort of mango for taste.

Next in line for a GI tag is Banarasi paan leaves and therefore the process has already been started. 

Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) chairman Dr M Angamutham on December 16 visited the fields of Ramnagar brinjal, locally referred to as Ramnagar’s Bhanta, and spoke to the farmers as a part of APEDA’s decide to export these brinjals to foreign countries.

 source: https://krishijagran.com/agriculture-world/three-agri-products-from-varanasi-listed-to-get-gi-tag-soon/

Top 10 Chilli Varieties in India

The first thought that appears in our head, often when we speak about Indian cuisine, is the Indian spices, which is mostly the effect of chillies. India has nearly ten chilly varieties.  Besides adding a flavour to our palates; chillies have other impressive advantages for our wellbeing. They help the digestive system, foster a healthier heart, alleviate joint pain, facilitate weight loss, minimize migraine, reduce the risk of cancer, and avoid allergy and other diseases. 

The Portuguese navigators in the 16th century were known for bringing Chillies, (also known as Mirchi in India), to be carried to Asia. These people came to India and were very popular with Vasco-Da-Gama. Apart from the Indian cuisine chillies are used also in Ayurveda.

India is the largest global exporter of prime red chilli. Research has shown that almost 13.6 million tons of red chilli is produced here last year. The export of Chilli from India constitutes almost 50 percent of the worldwide market for this wonderful spice.

There are a variety of Indian chillies, though some are very strong in heat and can break one into tears, some are less pungent and only popular for their taste and colour. Now let us look at the most common red chillies in India found and developed.

Varieties of Chilli in India

  • Bhut Jolokia: Bhut Jolokia is also known as ‘ghost pepper’ and in 2007 the Guinness book rated it as the world’s hotest chilly. This Chilli pepper is grown in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. Bhut Jolokia is an interspecific (Capsicum Chinese and Capsicum franutescens) hybrid chilli pepper. Bhut jolokia, usually mixed with pork or dried or fermented fish, is used for preparing a meal full of seasoning.
  • Guntur Chilli: Guntur is the largest manufacturer and exporter in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the Middle East, South Korea, the United Kingdom, USA and Latin America with the most varieties of Chilli and Chilli powders in India. Guntur Sannamis also grown in Madhya Pradesh, one of the styles of Guntur chilly. All of the spicy dishes which are famous across the globe of this particular region actually belongs to the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. 
  • Kashmiri chillies: This chilli is the most desired after red chilli in India because of its colour, as its name implies. An Indian cooking without Kashmiri mirch powder is incomplete, which brings the colour to every household cook’s mouth-watering dishes. In contrast to the other variants found in India, it is less hot or pungent.
  • Byadagi chilli: It is a well known chilli species, mostly cultivated in Karnataka. It was named for the city of Byadagi in Karnataka district of Haveri. Byadagi chilli is famous for its flavour and pungency.
  • Dhani: Dhani is widely developed in Mizoram and in some parts of Manipur, which is known as Bird’s Eye Chilli because of its form. Though it’s the smallest, it’s really spicy, pungent and bright red chilli that’s popular in the Calcutta markets.
  • Gundu: It is the round fat chilli that is grown in Tamil Nadu in the fertile Ramnad regions. Fat and round means Gundu in Tamil. That’s why the name. Chutneys, sambars and tadcas in the south of India favoured this chilly to add spicy and mouth watering flavour.
  • Jwala: The chili is predominantly cultivated in Kheda, Mehsana and southern Gujarat. It is also called finger hot pepper (FHP). While it is green at the outset, it becomes red as it matures. They can also be cultivated at home. This chili has a rather pungent taste and is conveniently on the shelf during the year.
  • Indo-5 chilli: This is one of the most renowned red chillies in India, popularly known as Indem-5, US-5 and Endo-5 Chilli and is shipped in great amounts around the world. The largest producers of Indo 5 red chilli in India are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. The size is longer, the skin is heavier and the heat is comparatively poor. 
  • Warangal Chappata: Short and deep red colour, less slick and moderate taste, Chili Tomato or ChapPata Warangal is very coloured and low heat, which is commonly used in colour extraction.
  • Bhavnagri mirchi: Bhavnagri long chilli plants grow 13cm long and 2cm big hot peppers during good yield. These peppers are very hot and as they mature, transform from green to red. There are green stems, green leaves and white flowers in plant.

Most Profitable Cash Crops: Farmers can grow these Crops to get High Profits in Return

The objective of this article is to give a list of cash crops farming business ideas to small farm owners and those who are new in the world of agriculture. Commercial cash crop farming is a year-round profitable farming process.

Techniques may vary from one farmer to another, and one place to another, but basic is absolutely the same. In India, as per the season classification, cash crops are divided into Rabi, Kharif, and, Zaid crops.

  • Rabi Crops – These are the winter sown crops including, Wheat, Barley, Mustard, Peas, etc.
  • Kharif Crops – These are monsoon sown crops including, rice, jowar, bajra, soybean, sugarcane, pulses, etc.
  • Zaid Crops – These are summer-sown crops including, pumpkin, bitter gourd, watermelon, cucumber, muskmelon etc.

Top most profitable cash crops in India

Here’s the list of some of the most profitable crops in India;

1. Wheat

Wheat is one of the most profitable cash crops in India. It is a Rabi crop, and the most important food in northern and north-western India. Wheat is a grass cultivated crop mainly for seeds. Wheat farming is really easy in compare to that of other cereal crops. Wheat can be grown in wide variety of climatic conditions, as it has high adaptability. 3- degree Celsius to 35-degree Celsius temperature is favourable for growing wheat, and drained loamy soil is favourable.

2. Rice

Rice is grown almost everywhere and the most popular crop in India. India is the second largest producer of rice after the China. It is a Kharif crop. Rice is consumed in almost every state of India, but mostly in southern states. Rice can be grown under wide varieties of environmental conditions.

The suitable temperature for rice farming is between 20-degree Celsius to 42-degree Celsius. And, can be grown through various cultivation methods.

3. Mustard

Mustard grow in dry and cool climatic conditions. 10-degree Celsius to 25-degree Celsius is the suitable temperature range for growing mustard. Mustard is the third most important oilseed in the world.

4. Maize

Maize is also one of the most important crop in India. It is mainly grown in southern regions of India including Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It can be grown in the temperature ranging from 21- degree Celsius to 27-degree Celsius.

5. Millets

Millets include crops such as Jowar, Bajra, etc. These are mostly grown in areas with high temperatures and drylands. These are grown in a loamy soil.

6. Cotton

Cotton is considered one of the most profitable cash crops. Cotton is a Kharif crop. It is a fiber crop and cotton seeds are used to make vegetable oil. Temperature ranging from 21-degree Celsius to 30-degree Celsius is considered suitable for cotton farming. Some other profitable cash crops are Tea, other herbs, Bamboo, Cactus, Spices, Medicinal plants, Sugarcane, etc.

Union Agriculture Minister Launches NAFED’s Honey FPO Program

Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar launched five Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) for producing honey which will be set up with the help of NAFED in East Champaran (Bihar), Morena (Madhya Pradesh), Bharatpur (Rajasthan), Mathura (Uttar Pradesh) and Sunderbans (West Bengal). 

The inauguration programme was hosted online and attended by the new Honey FPOs, farmers and FPOs from various parts of the nation.  

Tomar said, “Beekeeping in India is highly predominant in the unorganized sector among the rural and tribal population. Despite having a huge potential of honey production in the country, the beekeeping industry is still underdeveloped. The adoption level of beekeeping is also quite less due to various constraints.” 

He also said that honey beekeeping will change the lifestyle of small and marginal farmers and help in achieving the goal of increasing farmer’s income. 

“NAFED will address these issues by acting as an intermediary and filling up the gaps between the elements of the beekeeping supply chain and also ensure price remuneration to the beekeeping farmers. Through these Honey FPOs, NAFED will also work for the promotion of beekeeping as an occupation for unemployed women and tribal populations and uplift their livelihood,” Tomar said. 

According to NAFED, 4,000 to 5,000 bee-keepers and honey collectors would benefit directly through these five FPOs. NAFED would help them in branding and collective marketing of the honey as well as explore overseas markets for them. 

The Honey FPOs made by ISAP under the aegis of National Bee Board (NBB) and NAFED will help its members in not only upgrading their skills in Scientific Bee Keeping but will also help in making its members set up the state of the art infrastructural facilities for processing honey and allied beekeeping products like bee’s wax, propolis, royal jelly, bee venom, etc., quality control laboratories, collection, storage, bottling and marketing centres.  

source: krishi jaagran

Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana-Buy quality seeds

Good quality seed is important for good crop yield. Some farmers afford to buy good quality seeds but there are many others who cannot buy it due to financial issues. Hence, to help these farmers, the Bihar government has launched a special scheme known as Bihar Beej Anudan yojana. 

It is important to mention that Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana is being run by Bihar Government and Bihar Seed Corporation Limited (BRBN). Under this scheme quality seeds are provided at low cost.  

If you also want to buy the seeds at half of the price, then go soon to the website of DBT Agriculture Bihar & apply online.

What is Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana? 

Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana is one of the valuable schemes of the Bihar Government. Under this scheme, farmers can apply online and purchase seeds at a 50 percent discounted price. Important thing to mention is that seed is an important part of the production for farmers, as the whole farming and production of the crop depend on the quality of seed. If seeds will be of good quality, crop production can increase by 20-25 percent.  

Further, moving towards the online application process of this scheme.  

Conditions of Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana 

  • Seeds must be used for farming purpose only.
  • Do not burn the residue after harvesting.
  • Seeds must be taken after the application, otherwise you will be deprived of agriculture department’s plans for the next three years.
  • A farmer can purchase the seeds for maximum 5 acre of land under this scheme.
  • Farmer has to give Rs. 2/kg for home delivery of wheat seeds.
  • For the home delivery of pulses/oioseeds, the fee is Rs. 5/kg.

Documents required for Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana 

  • Farmer Registration number.
  • Aadhar card
  • Bank passbook

Don’t forget, when you will go to collect the seeds, you will be asked for Aadhar card and Bank passbook. 

source: https://krishijagran.com/agripedia/bihar-beej-anudan-yojana-get-quality-seeds-at-low-cost-phone-number-and-important-links-here/