Three Agri products from Varanasi listed to get GI tag soon

Three produces from Varanasi district in Uttar Pradesh, are likely to get a Geographical indication (GI) tag soon. Geographical indication is basically a symbol used on products that have a selected geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are thanks to that origin. 

Ramnagar brinjal, Adamchini rice and Banarasi Langda mango, all from Varanasi, will get Geographical Indication tag which will assist in giving a lift to export of those agri products. 

“Application to urge GI tag for these three agri produces has already been filed by three farmers with the support of commercial bank for Agriculture and Rural Development. Human Welfare Association, a non-government organisation, facilitated the appliance filing,” said GI expert and Padma Shri awardee Dr Rajnikant. 

Why these just for GI Tag? 

While Ramnagar brinjal is legendary across the region for its taste, Adamchini rice is legendary for its essence and aroma. Banarasi Langda aam is a famous sort of mango for taste.

Next in line for a GI tag is Banarasi paan leaves and therefore the process has already been started. 

Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) chairman Dr M Angamutham on December 16 visited the fields of Ramnagar brinjal, locally referred to as Ramnagar’s Bhanta, and spoke to the farmers as a part of APEDA’s decide to export these brinjals to foreign countries.


Top 10 Chilli Varieties in India

The first thought that appears in our head, often when we speak about Indian cuisine, is the Indian spices, which is mostly the effect of chillies. India has nearly ten chilly varieties.  Besides adding a flavour to our palates; chillies have other impressive advantages for our wellbeing. They help the digestive system, foster a healthier heart, alleviate joint pain, facilitate weight loss, minimize migraine, reduce the risk of cancer, and avoid allergy and other diseases. 

The Portuguese navigators in the 16th century were known for bringing Chillies, (also known as Mirchi in India), to be carried to Asia. These people came to India and were very popular with Vasco-Da-Gama. Apart from the Indian cuisine chillies are used also in Ayurveda.

India is the largest global exporter of prime red chilli. Research has shown that almost 13.6 million tons of red chilli is produced here last year. The export of Chilli from India constitutes almost 50 percent of the worldwide market for this wonderful spice.

There are a variety of Indian chillies, though some are very strong in heat and can break one into tears, some are less pungent and only popular for their taste and colour. Now let us look at the most common red chillies in India found and developed.

Varieties of Chilli in India

  • Bhut Jolokia: Bhut Jolokia is also known as ‘ghost pepper’ and in 2007 the Guinness book rated it as the world’s hotest chilly. This Chilli pepper is grown in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. Bhut Jolokia is an interspecific (Capsicum Chinese and Capsicum franutescens) hybrid chilli pepper. Bhut jolokia, usually mixed with pork or dried or fermented fish, is used for preparing a meal full of seasoning.
  • Guntur Chilli: Guntur is the largest manufacturer and exporter in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the Middle East, South Korea, the United Kingdom, USA and Latin America with the most varieties of Chilli and Chilli powders in India. Guntur Sannamis also grown in Madhya Pradesh, one of the styles of Guntur chilly. All of the spicy dishes which are famous across the globe of this particular region actually belongs to the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. 
  • Kashmiri chillies: This chilli is the most desired after red chilli in India because of its colour, as its name implies. An Indian cooking without Kashmiri mirch powder is incomplete, which brings the colour to every household cook’s mouth-watering dishes. In contrast to the other variants found in India, it is less hot or pungent.
  • Byadagi chilli: It is a well known chilli species, mostly cultivated in Karnataka. It was named for the city of Byadagi in Karnataka district of Haveri. Byadagi chilli is famous for its flavour and pungency.
  • Dhani: Dhani is widely developed in Mizoram and in some parts of Manipur, which is known as Bird’s Eye Chilli because of its form. Though it’s the smallest, it’s really spicy, pungent and bright red chilli that’s popular in the Calcutta markets.
  • Gundu: It is the round fat chilli that is grown in Tamil Nadu in the fertile Ramnad regions. Fat and round means Gundu in Tamil. That’s why the name. Chutneys, sambars and tadcas in the south of India favoured this chilly to add spicy and mouth watering flavour.
  • Jwala: The chili is predominantly cultivated in Kheda, Mehsana and southern Gujarat. It is also called finger hot pepper (FHP). While it is green at the outset, it becomes red as it matures. They can also be cultivated at home. This chili has a rather pungent taste and is conveniently on the shelf during the year.
  • Indo-5 chilli: This is one of the most renowned red chillies in India, popularly known as Indem-5, US-5 and Endo-5 Chilli and is shipped in great amounts around the world. The largest producers of Indo 5 red chilli in India are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. The size is longer, the skin is heavier and the heat is comparatively poor. 
  • Warangal Chappata: Short and deep red colour, less slick and moderate taste, Chili Tomato or ChapPata Warangal is very coloured and low heat, which is commonly used in colour extraction.
  • Bhavnagri mirchi: Bhavnagri long chilli plants grow 13cm long and 2cm big hot peppers during good yield. These peppers are very hot and as they mature, transform from green to red. There are green stems, green leaves and white flowers in plant.

Most Profitable Cash Crops: Farmers can grow these Crops to get High Profits in Return

The objective of this article is to give a list of cash crops farming business ideas to small farm owners and those who are new in the world of agriculture. Commercial cash crop farming is a year-round profitable farming process.

Techniques may vary from one farmer to another, and one place to another, but basic is absolutely the same. In India, as per the season classification, cash crops are divided into Rabi, Kharif, and, Zaid crops.

  • Rabi Crops – These are the winter sown crops including, Wheat, Barley, Mustard, Peas, etc.
  • Kharif Crops – These are monsoon sown crops including, rice, jowar, bajra, soybean, sugarcane, pulses, etc.
  • Zaid Crops – These are summer-sown crops including, pumpkin, bitter gourd, watermelon, cucumber, muskmelon etc.

Top most profitable cash crops in India

Here’s the list of some of the most profitable crops in India;

1. Wheat

Wheat is one of the most profitable cash crops in India. It is a Rabi crop, and the most important food in northern and north-western India. Wheat is a grass cultivated crop mainly for seeds. Wheat farming is really easy in compare to that of other cereal crops. Wheat can be grown in wide variety of climatic conditions, as it has high adaptability. 3- degree Celsius to 35-degree Celsius temperature is favourable for growing wheat, and drained loamy soil is favourable.

2. Rice

Rice is grown almost everywhere and the most popular crop in India. India is the second largest producer of rice after the China. It is a Kharif crop. Rice is consumed in almost every state of India, but mostly in southern states. Rice can be grown under wide varieties of environmental conditions.

The suitable temperature for rice farming is between 20-degree Celsius to 42-degree Celsius. And, can be grown through various cultivation methods.

3. Mustard

Mustard grow in dry and cool climatic conditions. 10-degree Celsius to 25-degree Celsius is the suitable temperature range for growing mustard. Mustard is the third most important oilseed in the world.

4. Maize

Maize is also one of the most important crop in India. It is mainly grown in southern regions of India including Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It can be grown in the temperature ranging from 21- degree Celsius to 27-degree Celsius.

5. Millets

Millets include crops such as Jowar, Bajra, etc. These are mostly grown in areas with high temperatures and drylands. These are grown in a loamy soil.

6. Cotton

Cotton is considered one of the most profitable cash crops. Cotton is a Kharif crop. It is a fiber crop and cotton seeds are used to make vegetable oil. Temperature ranging from 21-degree Celsius to 30-degree Celsius is considered suitable for cotton farming. Some other profitable cash crops are Tea, other herbs, Bamboo, Cactus, Spices, Medicinal plants, Sugarcane, etc.

Union Agriculture Minister Launches NAFED’s Honey FPO Program

Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar launched five Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) for producing honey which will be set up with the help of NAFED in East Champaran (Bihar), Morena (Madhya Pradesh), Bharatpur (Rajasthan), Mathura (Uttar Pradesh) and Sunderbans (West Bengal). 

The inauguration programme was hosted online and attended by the new Honey FPOs, farmers and FPOs from various parts of the nation.  

Tomar said, “Beekeeping in India is highly predominant in the unorganized sector among the rural and tribal population. Despite having a huge potential of honey production in the country, the beekeeping industry is still underdeveloped. The adoption level of beekeeping is also quite less due to various constraints.” 

He also said that honey beekeeping will change the lifestyle of small and marginal farmers and help in achieving the goal of increasing farmer’s income. 

“NAFED will address these issues by acting as an intermediary and filling up the gaps between the elements of the beekeeping supply chain and also ensure price remuneration to the beekeeping farmers. Through these Honey FPOs, NAFED will also work for the promotion of beekeeping as an occupation for unemployed women and tribal populations and uplift their livelihood,” Tomar said. 

According to NAFED, 4,000 to 5,000 bee-keepers and honey collectors would benefit directly through these five FPOs. NAFED would help them in branding and collective marketing of the honey as well as explore overseas markets for them. 

The Honey FPOs made by ISAP under the aegis of National Bee Board (NBB) and NAFED will help its members in not only upgrading their skills in Scientific Bee Keeping but will also help in making its members set up the state of the art infrastructural facilities for processing honey and allied beekeeping products like bee’s wax, propolis, royal jelly, bee venom, etc., quality control laboratories, collection, storage, bottling and marketing centres.  

source: krishi jaagran

Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana-Buy quality seeds

Good quality seed is important for good crop yield. Some farmers afford to buy good quality seeds but there are many others who cannot buy it due to financial issues. Hence, to help these farmers, the Bihar government has launched a special scheme known as Bihar Beej Anudan yojana. 

It is important to mention that Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana is being run by Bihar Government and Bihar Seed Corporation Limited (BRBN). Under this scheme quality seeds are provided at low cost.  

If you also want to buy the seeds at half of the price, then go soon to the website of DBT Agriculture Bihar & apply online.

What is Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana? 

Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana is one of the valuable schemes of the Bihar Government. Under this scheme, farmers can apply online and purchase seeds at a 50 percent discounted price. Important thing to mention is that seed is an important part of the production for farmers, as the whole farming and production of the crop depend on the quality of seed. If seeds will be of good quality, crop production can increase by 20-25 percent.  

Further, moving towards the online application process of this scheme.  

Conditions of Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana 

  • Seeds must be used for farming purpose only.
  • Do not burn the residue after harvesting.
  • Seeds must be taken after the application, otherwise you will be deprived of agriculture department’s plans for the next three years.
  • A farmer can purchase the seeds for maximum 5 acre of land under this scheme.
  • Farmer has to give Rs. 2/kg for home delivery of wheat seeds.
  • For the home delivery of pulses/oioseeds, the fee is Rs. 5/kg.

Documents required for Bihar Beej Anudan Yojana 

  • Farmer Registration number.
  • Aadhar card
  • Bank passbook

Don’t forget, when you will go to collect the seeds, you will be asked for Aadhar card and Bank passbook. 


Agri Ministry gives nod to subsidized loans worth Rs 3,971.31 crore for micro-irrigation projects

The Union Agriculture Ministry has given nod for subsidised loans worth Rs 3,971.31 crore for implementing micro-irrigation projects, and a maximum loan of Rs. 1357.93 crore has been approved for Tamil Nadu.  

The interest subvented loans are being offered under Micro Irrigation Fund (MIF) created with National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) for implementing micro-irrigation projects. 

Micro Irrigation Fund with a corpus of Rs. 5000 crores created with NABARD was operationalized in 2019-20. Steering Committee of MIF has approved projects for a loan of Rs.  3971.31 crore comprising Rs. 764.13 crore for Gujarat, Rs. 1357.93 crore for Tamil Nadu, Rs. 616.13 crore for Andhra Pradesh, Rs. 276.55 crore for West Bengal, Rs.790.94 crore for Haryana Rs. 150.00 crore for Punjab and Rs. 15.63 crore for Uttarakhand.

However, NABARD has so far released a loan of Rs 659.70 crore to Haryana, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat. Thereby a total amount of Rs. 1754.60 crore has been released so far, comprising Rs.  616.13 crore to   Andhra Pradesh, Rs. 937.47 crore to Tamil Nadu, Rs. 21.57 crore to Haryana and Rs. 179.43 crore to Gujarat. 

Under the MIF, subsidised loans are provided for not only taking up special and innovative projects but also for incentivising micro-irrigation beyond the provisions available under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (Per Drop More Crop) to encourage farmers to install micro-irrigation systems. 

Har Khet ko Pani is basically “Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana” and therefore the Government of India is committed to accord high priority to water conservation and its management. To this effect, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) has been formulated with the vision of extending the coverage of irrigation ‘Har Khet ko Pani’ and improving water use efficiency ‘More crop per drop’ in a focused manner with end to end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.  


ICAR working to bring Agri Education in line with the vision of National Education Policy

India is an agrarian country where half of its population still depend on agriculture as the primary source of income. Keeping this thing in mind, Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) recently announced that it has formed a six-member committee headed by Dr Tej Pratap, Vice Chancellor of the G B Pant University of Agriculture in Uttarakhand to suggest ways in which agricultural institutions can be nurtured in the spirit of the National Education Policy (NEP).

The committee is looking at providing impetus to research areas apart from making the course structure more flexible, more inter-disciplinary activity.

“Agricultural education is a state subject. Therefore, the recommendations and road map will be prepared in view of this. The aim is to bring agricultural education to a zone where it can address contemporary and future needs,” said a government official.

Moreover, the ICAR is working to bring farm education in line with the vision of the National Education Policy unveiled by the Centre. So it instructed the agriculture varsities to offer courses which is more flexible structure and these institutions will be encouraged to become more inter-disciplinary.

Deputy Director General (Education) at ICAR, Dr R C Agarwal, who is the convenor of the committee, when contacted, confirmed that the panel was looking at ways to bring agri-education in sync with the spirit of the NEP.

On the other hand, the NEP also envisages that the professional councils, such as the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) will act as Professional Standard Setting Bodies (PSSBs) and shall be member of the General Education Council (GEC) to frame expected learning outcomes for higher education.

The official also mentioned that the ICAR-Agricultural University (AU) system through its network of 74 universities offers degree courses at the undergraduate level in 11 disciplines. The PG programs in 96 disciplines and Ph.D. programs in 73 disciplines make it multi-disciplinary as desired by NEP.

Nirmala announces Rs 65,000 crore fertilizer subsidy for farmers

Just two days prior to Diwali, Union Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman on Thursday (12 November 2020) has announced a Rs 65,000-crore fertilizer subsidy for the farmers in India as part of her stimulus package to boost the economy. 

Sitharaman said Rs 65,000 crore is being offered to ensure sufficient availability of fertilizers to the growers and to enable timely accessibility of fertilizers in the impending crop season.

14 crore farmers will be benefited

She said that the use of manure in 2016-17 was 499 MT. It is expected to increase to 673 metric tons in 2020-21. 140 million or 14 crore farmers will get benefits due to higher supply of fertilizers and subsidies.

The Finance Minister told that an additional outlay of Rs 10,000 crore will be given for Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Rozgar Yojana in the current financial year. She said this will accelerate the growth of the rural economy.

Sitharaman further told that Rs 3,000 crore will be released to EXIM Bank for the promotion of ‘Project Exports’ through lines of credits. It must be noted that EXIM Bank extends the lines of credits (LOC) on behalf of the Central government as assistance to developing nations under Indian Development & Economic Assistance Scheme (IDEAS) Scheme.

Secha Samadhan App, launched by Odisha Government for Farmers

Chief Minister of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik on 9 November, 2020 launched “Secha Samadhan”, a bilingual portable application for mobile phones, which will help in addressing the water and irrigation issues confronted by the farmers without visiting the concerned departments and offices. He additionally launched four more online administrations and services to determine the issue of water distribution and circulation for commercial establishments, industries and other institutions. 

With the starting of the application, farmers need not race to the workplaces of the Water Resources division and can send their complaints through photos or recordings. The farmers in return will be informed about the status of their grievances through SMS. Furthermore, quick advances will be taken to change the complaints of the farmers.

Farmers under the Biju Krushak Bikas Yojana (BKBY), can apply for community lift irrigation points through telephones, PCs or close by Jana Seva Kendras utilizing the mobile application. Essentially, the Water Resources dept. has additionally launched “Go Swift” portal through which industries can apply for water. The division has additionally dispatched the site, for appropriation of water to commercial businesses and different establishments.

The Chief Minister commented that these computerized applications will make the Water Resources division more responsible and transparent for common people. “Farmers are the biggest recipient of the Water Resources Dept. and their complaints can be settled rapidly by these applications,” he said. 

He stressed on making the general society aware of the online services and also directed the division authorities to facilitate and prepare for the computerized move under the 5T initiative. Minister of State for Water Resources Raghunandan Dash said that these administrations will satisfy the objectives of the 5T initiative other than making the organization more productive and responsible.


PM Kisan Yojana: It is mandatory for the Farmers to give these details.

Central government has recently announced to send Rs. 2000 to the bank account of farmers under its biggest agriculture scheme known as Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana or PM-Kisan. Moreover, the seventh installment of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme will start from December 1. That is, after 25 days, the central government will add Rs 2000 to your account.

But however, you will be left out from availing all these benefits if you haven’t registered yet or have given incorrect information. Many farmers have been left out from availing the benefits if they do these mistakes repeatedly. Let’s know about the scheme in detail and what farmers have to keep in mind during registration to avoid any mistakes.

Farmers Need to Keep These Things in Mind

Under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana, farmers are given financial assistance of Rs 6000 annually. This help is given through three installments of Rs 2000 each. The beneficiary farmers involved in this scheme have to register first, only then the government transfers this money to the account under Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT). In the last 23 months, the central government has given more than Rs 95 crore help directly to 11.17 crore farmers. 

Why Many Farmers Have not Received the Money

Sources in the Ministry of Agriculture say that 1.3 crore farmers have not received the money even after applying because either their record is wrong or there is no Aadhar card. Money will not be transferred if there is a spelling error in the document. 

These Details are Necessary for PM Kisan Registration

For this, one has to visit the website of PM Kisan Yojana. Farmers have to fill the online form on this website itself. This form contains some information which is mandatory to give. These include name, gender, caste, farmer type, Aadhaar number, bank branch IFSC code, bank name, bank account number and address.

It is often seen that farmers fill the wrong number due to wrong Aadhaar number or account number. In such a situation, his installment will be stopped. However, this information can be correctly re-entered online on the PM Kisan Portal itself.